State hails first auction of land in Nenana-area agricultural project

Nenana agriculture lands
State officials say the 2020 opening of a bridge across the Nenana River enabled much greater access into the 140,000-acre Nenana Totchaket Agriculture Project. (John Whipple/Alaska Division of Agriculture)

The state is calling its first sale of potential farmland west of Nenana a success. The Department of Natural Resources, or DNR, auctioned more than 2,000 acres in the Nenana Totchaket Agricultural Project and is planning a second sale.

But some area residents say the state is moving too quickly to develop the agriculture project.

Nenana soil
Much of the arable land in the Nenana Totchaket Ag Project is fertile, underlain by permeable sandy soil. Other areas are swampy or otherwise not suitable for farming. (John Whipple/Alaska Division of Agriculture)

DNR officials opened sealed bids last Wednesday for the agriculture project parcels up for auction, and say they sold about 90% of the land offered.

“We typically sell 50 to 60% of what we offer,” said Rachel Longacre, a section chief with the department’s Division of Mining, Land and Water. She said in a Thursday interview with DNR officials that 2,045 acres were up for auction in parcels ranging from 20 to 320 acres.

“Our land sales typically have been smaller for agricultural areas,” she said. “This year was quite a bit larger.”

All but three of the 27 parcels drew bids, and those will be offered for over-the-counter sale next month. A DNR spokesperson said 18 parcels drew multiple bids, and seven got more than 10 bids each. The 15 apparent high-bidders for the land included 12 who listed an Alaska address, and they got four of the five biggest parcels.

a Nenana road
The state’s plans to develop the agriculture project include improving and extending the Nenana-Totchaket Road from the Nenana River bridge to the Kantishna River area. The new roadway will be built on higher land to avoid wetlands like these. (Alaska Department of Transportation and Public Facilities)

That shows the auction was a success, said Tim Schilling, a natural resource manager with the department.

“We sold a lot of land,” he said Thursday. “There certainly seemed to be a lot of interest.”

But some Nenana-area residents and their allies see it differently. Lindsey Mailard is a Nenana tribal member whose family has deep roots in the area. She grew up in Fairbanks, and she and others are worried about the impacts of what they call “industrial farming” in the Totchaket.

“We’ve just been really disappointed with the poor management and engagement with the tribal community,” she said Thursday.

Mailard works for Native Movement, an Alaska-based nonprofit that advocates for indigenous peoples. The organization, which has called for a pause in the state’s plans for the agriculture project, was the highest bidder on two parcels, and she said members intend to develop them in a way that protects the land from erosion and preserves it for traditional uses like hunting and trapping.

“I’m excited and happy about that,” she said, “because that means that we can ensure that it is managed with indigenous stewardship.”

a map of planned Nenana roads
The state Department of Transportation’s plans to improve and extend westward the Nenana-Totchaket Road include resurfacing and widening about 12 miles of existing road and constructing 19 miles of new road to the Kantishna River area, at left on this map. Tribal members and other local residents have concerns over the scale of the project. (Alaska Department of Transportation and Public Facilities)

Mailard and other area residents say the state’s plan to develop the agriculture project won’t create food security, as state officials insist, but instead will harm the land.

“The state has not been taking the time to really listen to the concerns that the community has and that the tribe has,” she said. “The engagement has been really poor.”

DNR’s Longacre disagrees.

“We have addressed anyone who’s reached out to us in an official capacity,” she said.

Longacre said the state has complied with all the required public notices and scoping meetings in the lead-up to the auction and has communicated with area residents since it began last summer. Other supporters of the process point out that the state has been planning to develop the agriculture project since the 1970s.

a man talking
Erik Johnson, a state Agriculture Division natural resources specialist, talks about the agriculture project during a tour last summer. (John Whipple/Alaska Division of Agriculture)

The process includes requiring all the auction successful bidders must have an approved conservation plan completed by the spring, before they can begin working the land. State Agriculture Division natural resources specialist Erik Johnson said he expects most of the new landowners will be clearing land next summer after the state OKs their plans. He said some may then begin working the land to prepare it for planting.

“Row crops or orchards … those are probably going to take a year to get the land cleared and prepped for planting,” he said Thursday.

He said some livestock could be brought in to the ag project as early as next summer.

“If they have animals, they might possibly put them out, as soon as they have fencing.”

Johnson said goats or reindeer could take to the land quickly, because they browse on natural vegetation, like shrubs. He reckons it would take at least another season to prepare and plant on land intended to be used for cattle or horses, which require grass to graze.

“I think that they can start getting crops in the ground the second year,” he said. “So, September of 2024 is likely when they will be harvesting those row crops.”

DNR officials say that’s about when they hope to conduct the second agriculture project land auction.

Tim Ellis is a reporter at KUAC in Fairbanks.

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